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Общение с носителями языка — это прекрасная возможность проверить свои знания и умения на практике. Кроме того, это еще и возможность узнать для себя что-то новое и интересное. Предлагаем вашему вниманию рассказ об африканской старане — Нигерии, на основе которого состоялся наш последний разговорный клуб и, который был подготовлен в сотрудничестве с AIESEC Запорожье.

by Pangmi Joel Mantoss

The following article is an attempt at informing the reader about the Nigerian nation officially known as the Federal Republic of Nigeria. This article is in no way a detailed work about the history of Nigeria. It is only aimed at presenting some major information about the country in a concise and entertaining manner. Hope you will have a good time reading it.

Nigeria is a black African nation that gained independence on October 1st 1960 from the great British Empire.  Before 1960 it was a colony under the British rule. The country was named Nigeria after the great R. Niger (Africa’s third largest river) by Ms. Flora Shaw, the future wife of baron Lugard, a British colonial administrator in the 19th century.

Nigeria is a constitutional republic. It is divided into 36 states and has Abuja as its federal capital. Nigeria is the most populous nation in Africa (145MILLION-2006 CENSUS) and a member of the Common Wealth of Nations.

Nigeria borders Benin, Niger, Chad, Cameroun and the Atlantic Ocean. It has a coastline of at least 853km.

Nigeria lies entirely within the tropical zone with two (2) distinct seasons: wet or raining season (from April to October) with generally lower temperatures (averagely 28° C) and the dry season (from November to March) with midday temperatures that exceeds 38° C but relatively cool nights dropping as low as 15° C.

Two principal wind currents affect Nigeria: The harmattan, from the northeast, is hot and dry and carries a reddish dust from the desert; it causes high temperatures during the day and cool nights. The southwest wind brings cloudy and rainy weather.

An average Nigerian is passionately affiliated to at least one of the major religions in the country (Christianity & Islam). Based on a World Religious survey 50.8% of the population are Christians.

Nigerian cuisine consists of dishes or food items from the hundreds of ethnic groups that comprise the West African nation of Nigeria. Like other West African cuisines, it uses spices, herbs in conjunction with palm oil or groundnut oil to create deeply-flavoured sauces and soups often made very hot with chili peppers.

Football (soccer) is Nigeria’s national sport.

Nigeria’s national football team-SUPER EAGLES has made the World Cup on four occasions 1994 1998 2002 and 2010. They won the African Cup of Nations in 1980 and 1994. They won the gold medal for football in the 1996 Summer Olympics (in which they beat Argentina). According to the official May 2010 FIFA World Rankings, Nigeria was the second top-ranked football nation in Africa and the 21st highest in the world.

Below are some very rare facts about the Nigerian nation:

— Portuguese were the first Europeans to reach Nigeria (1472)
— Nigeria has the 10th largest proven reserves of petroleum, in the world.
— Nigeria has the second largest newspaper market in Africa (after Egypt), with an estimated circulation of several million copies daily (2003).
— Archaeological evidence shows that human existence in Nigeria has a history which starts from 9000 BC. The Nok civilization (around 500 BC-200 AD) is the earliest known civilization here.
— Nigeria has been ruled by the military for 47yrs of most of its 52 years of independence from Britain.
— The drill monkey is only found in the wild in Southeast Nigeria and neighboring Cameroon.
— Nigeria has the highest rate of twin births in the world compared to any other country…(BBC-13/9/02).
Naira is the official currency of Nigeria.